An audit of infection control in a tertiary care dental hospital
Introduction: Infection transmission among dental staff and patients leads to increased incidence viral diseases like hepatitis and AIDS. Use of infection control methods in dental work can reduce possibility of spread of infectious agents. Even after pursuing the universal precautions, shortcomings remain in cross-infection regulation in any dental workplace. The basic goal of the following research was to ascertain cross infection control practices of house officers, demonstrators and post graduate trainees at Islamic International Dental Hospital Islamabad, Pakistan.
Material and Methods: A proforma based on guidelines by center of disease control was used to audit the practices of cross infection regulation in the hospital. Total sample included 71 house officers and 40 post graduate trainees and demonstrators. The data was recorded over the period of two months by three investigators.
Results: SPSS version 17.0 was used to analyze data. The p-value for Levene’s test to check for equality of variance was P=0.102. P-value < or equal to 0.05 was considered decisive. Hence equal variances among the groups were assumed. Mean scores of group A & B were measured with independent t test. Significant difference was established between mean scores of House officers, 13.3+ 2.5 and the mean score of the post graduate trainees and demonstrators, 12.30+ 2.041 (P = 0.031). The 95 % CI is +0.9 to +1.9.
Conclusions: It was found that generally most practitioners had knowledge regarding the infection prevention practices but they were not compliant in following protocols because of lack of time, equipment and patient flow. Personal protective tools and equipment should be used during routine clinical work. Despite the infectious status of patient, standard universal safety measures should be adopted for every patient