Dental anomalies seen in adult patients reporting to the orthodontic department of Islamabad Dental Hospital
Keywords:Genetic, hypodontia, microdontia, permanent dentition, supernumerary, tooth abnormalities
Introduction: Anomaly means any disorder that strays from standard such as color, number, contour, size and shape of teeth either as a result of local and systemic reasons. It might be existing pre- or post-natal therefore disturbing both deciduous and permanent teeth. Anomalies of this nature have been found in several population groups and hence are considered research worthy for their importance in genetics, forensic odontology and pathology amid other scientific arenas.
Material and methods: In this study 1282 non-syndromic patients were carefully chosen for this cross-sectional study at IDH out of which 60.5% were females and 39.5% were males. Dental defects such as hyperdontia, oligodontia, microdontia, gemination, fusion, concrescence and taurodontism amid others were documented. Data collected was entered and analyzed by the researchers in SPSS version 23.0.
Results: 9.1% presented with dilaceration, 0.5% patients presented with hypodontia, 0.2 % presented with a cusp of Carabelli, 0.5% presented with mulberry molars, 0.2 % had oligodontia, 0.2% had supernumerary teeth, 0.1% had adontia. 0.2% had macrodontia, 0.1 % had microdontia, mesiodens and peg lateral affected 0.1 % and 0.2 % of the patients respectively. Moreover, prevalence of dental anomalies was greater in females 60.5% than in males 39.5%.
Conclusions: It can be deduced from this study that dental defect - dilaceration followed by hypodontia are the most commonly found dental anomalies within patients reporting to Islamabad dental hospital Bharakahu. An additional study with a larger sample will help us improve are findings and understand the existence of dental defects and their possible etiology.
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