Various patterns of extraction in patients with crowding

  • Waheed Ullah Khan
  • Muska Ijaz
  • Kiran Ijaz
  • Arooj Raja
Keywords: Arch length discrepancy, camouflage, fixed appliance treatment, anchorage

Abstract

Introduction: Crowding is the unesthetic feature of permanent dentition leading to malalignment of the teeth and one of the prime reasons for seeking orthodontic treatment. Extraction is one of the most common methods used for creation of space for aligning teeth in order to achieve an attractive smile. Hence, this study was conducted to determine the prevalence of crowding in maxillary and mandibular arches in cases reporting to Islamabad Dental Hospital and the extraction patterns carried out for its resolution.

Material and Methods: This descriptive retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted at The Department of Orthodontics, Islamabad Dental Hospital. Data of 916 patients was collected from patient record files for demographic variables (Age, Gender), degree of crowding, pattern and frequency of extractions.

Results: Crowding was more in mandible as compared to maxilla. According to the pattern of extraction, first premolars were the teeth most extracted followed by single lower incisor.

Conclusions: Extractions of teeth is often the most favored treatment choice for patients reporting with a chief complaint of crowding. This poses more diligence towards safer mechanics in order to avoid the detrimental effects of this method of treatment.

Author Biographies

Waheed Ullah Khan
BDS, FCPS. Associate Professor, Department of Orthodontics, Islamabad Medical & Dental College, SZABMU, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Muska Ijaz
BDS. House Officer, Dept. of Orthodontics, Islamabad Dental Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Kiran Ijaz
BDS. House Officer, Dept. of Orthodontics, Islamabad Dental Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Arooj Raja
BDS. House Officer, Dept. of Orthodontics, Islamabad Dental Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Published
2017-12-30
How to Cite
Khan, W. U., Ijaz, M., Ijaz, K., & Raja, A. (2017). Various patterns of extraction in patients with crowding. Pakistan Orthodontic Journal, 9(2), 106-113. Retrieved from http://poj.org.pk/index.php/poj/article/view/171
Section
Original Articles

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